Private Investigator Toronto


Boasting more than three decades of expertise, the team at Discreet Investigations is renowned for conducting insightful investigations with unparalleled service. We approach every case with the highest level of confidentiality and consideration. Positioned as a comprehensive private detective and surveillance organization in Toronto, we extend our services globally to a diverse clientele.

Discreet Investigations are the most trusted Toronto private investigators.

  • Licensed
  • Insured
  • Bonded


Discrete Investigations is a fully licensed agency accredited by the Ontario Solicitor General - Private Security and Investigative Services Branch. Boasting more than three decades of experience in the investigative and security sector, we have managed a vast array of challenges and scenarios. Whether the requirement is for corporate, personal, or legal purposes, we are equipped to provide the solid evidence necessary to achieve the desired outcomes.

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Boasting a professional journey that stretches beyond 30 years, Mr. James Glanville has consistently dedicated himself to revealing key information that aids in bringing clarity to people’s lives. His hands-on approach to every assignment handled by Discreet Investigations guarantees top-tier service for all clients.

As a seasoned security consultant, surveillance authority, and clandestine agent, Mr. James Glanville’s resume is impressive. The investigators on his team come from a diverse array of backgrounds within law enforcement across the country, enabling unparalleled networking opportunities. Discreet Investigations prides itself on recruiting only the finest Investigators.

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We are the leading private investigators and surveillance agency in Toronto & Ontario. We have continued to invest in innovative surveillance tools and the best Toronto private investigators. We set the bar in the industry.

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+1 (888) 680-0036

Cheating Spouse

Find out if your spouse, common law partner or live-in-partner is having an affair. Get peace of mind from clear answers about your partner’s activities and whereabouts. We help build ironclad divorce, alimony, child custody and child support cases.

Child Custody

Find out if your ex is harming your child or planning on fleeing jurisdiction. Fight your partner’s illusion of the ‘good parent’ and save children from becoming a bargaining chip. We help parents protect their child’s mental, physical and religious safety.

Insurance Investigation

Don’t become a victim of staged accidents, false statements and fraud in insurance claims. Get the hard evidence that can prevent opportunistic insurance fraud. We work with insurers, law firms and claims adjusters for all personal and business insurance defence.

Skip Tracing / Missing Person

Find persons who have gone missing intentionally or unintentionally. We use cutting-edge investigative techniques to locate missing persons and assets in Canada. We work with lawyers, debt collectors, insurers, executors of estate and individuals.

Law Firm Support

Build stronger cases and help your clients make more informed decisions with hard evidence. We are court recognized experts and registered with the Ontario Solicitor General - Private Security and Investigative Services Branch. Seamless litigation support and intelligence for family, civil and commercial matters.

Surveillance Services

Get the accurate, detailed and reliable answers you need. We collect photographic, video, audio, internet, documentary and location information through intelligent surveillance. Concrete evidence from physical and electronic surveillance.

Corporate investigations

Empower yourself with clear information and actionable insight before M&As, business deals and strategic recruitment. Probe and penalize internal conduct. Cost-effective investigation and counter surveillance that helps protect your interests.

Espionage and bug sweeps

Has your home, office or vehicle been bugged? Is your phone carrying spyware? Is someone spying on your digital and physical activity? Is someone taping your personal conversations? Do they know where you have been or where you are going without you disclosing that information? Toronto’s highest regarded counter-surveillance specialists will give you the answers.

Social media & internet investigations

Find digital breadcrumbs that reveal activity, behavior, income and property. Achieve better outcomes in divorce, alimony, child custody, worker compensation, insurance, harassment and other cases. Get evidence from deep social media and internet investigations that are admissible in court.
Toronto Private Investigator



Our reputation is built on a foundation of absolute discretion, trust and integrity. Every matter is kept 100% confidential and handled with care. We have over 30 years of experience in investigation and security and our investigators get the answers you need – trust us, Experience Matters!

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Is it legal to videotape someone?

Ontario law makes it illegal to covertly record oral communications between two or more people without the consent of at least one of the individuals involved. If, however, you choose to record video without any audio input, you may be allowed to do so. Case in point are private investigators, acting on someone else’s behalf.

Similarly, it is illegal to intercept private communications between two or more individuals by use of electronic devices or other means, like spying software and apps. The maximum punishment for intentional interception of communication is incarceration of up to 5 years and a $5,000 fine.

It is legal to intercept private communications if there is no sound involved. For example, it is perfectly legal to photograph or film people if they are interacting in a place open to public view.

Is it legal to record a conversation, tape a call, or 'bug' a telephone?

Secretly recording communications between two or more people is illegal, unless you have the explicit consent of at least one of the individuals, or if you are one of the parties involved.

The law applies if you use an electronic device or other means of intercepting private communications. The police and other government agents are also subjected to the same laws. If they wish to spy on the private communications between two or more people, they must obtain prior authorization from a judge via a warrant.

Cellphone conversations are included in the definition of communications.

What constitutes stalking?

Stalking is also known in legal parlance as “criminal harassment” and includes conduct like:

  • Repeatedly following a specific person or people connected to that individual
  • Constant attempts of maintaining communication with a specific person or other people known to that individual
  • Watching the property or dwelling space of a person
  • Threatening conduct aimed at a specific person

Repeated stalking causes another person to fear for their safety and is not prohibited under Ontario law. Punishment for stalking can be up to 10 years, and possibly more if there are prior injunctions barring contact, such as a restraining order.

Rules and regulations for Toronto private investigators

The private investigation industry falls under the regulations of the Ontario Solicitor General – Private Security and Investigative Services Branch. The laws set the foundation for rules and regulations as well as a code of conduct that private investigators must adhere to.

In order to become a private investigator, an individual must possess a valid licence and carry it with them while on duty. If they are ever stopped, they must use that to identify themselves.

A private investigator cannot carry any other symbol of authority, such as a badge, or pretend to be an agent of the government. They are not allowed to make an arrest or refer to themselves as an investigator, officer, or any other term that may signify that they are a member of a law enforcement body.

Under the terms of the Ontario Solicitor General – Private Security and Investigative Services Branch, a private investigator must act professionally at all times and treat everyone with respect, integrity, and honesty. They are not allowed to use excessive force or engage in abusive language. Furthermore, they must not drink on the job or be under the influence of drugs.

In the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, an individual’s right to privacy is enshrined in law. The law protects them against “unreasonable search or seizure”, and private investigators must comply with all the tenets of the law, too. Therefore, it is illegal for private investigators to enter someone’s property without authorization or remain on a property if the authorization has been revoked. Wiretapping without individual consent or before obtaining a warrant is also prohibited.

Types of investigations that private investigators in Toronto are legally allowed to do

After acquiring a private investigation license, an individual is allowed to:

  • conduct background checks
  • obtain and provide information on the business character or kind of business or occupation of a person
  • search for offenders against the law
  • search for missing persons
  • search for missing property.

In many cases, private investigators are hired to find persons who are missing, because they owe or are owed money to an individual or a company based on a court order, they are part of a criminal investigation, they are party in a court case, or they cannot be found.

Private investigators can also be used to find missing property and assets, conduct background checks, and assist in child custody investigations.

Legally, a private investigator can use a myriad of research tools to assist their investigation. These include:

  • witness statements
  • video surveillance
  • GPS when authorized
  • Photographs
  • personal observations

Private investigators often conduct their surveillance at public places such as shopping malls, recreation centers, sport arenas, and more. They also rely on public sources of information for their research, such as:

  • Public databases and internet searches to uncover telephone numbers, addresses, and employment information
  • Public libraries to find old newspapers for information
  • Personal Property Security Registration searches to identify a lien associated with an individual or business
  • Bankruptcy records, divorce records, and land registry databases and corporate searches to conduct background inquiries.

A private investigator must never impersonate law enforcement or represent themselves as a government agent. They cannot legally make an arrest, wiretap conversations without proper authorization, or trespass on private property.

Can private investigators carry a badge, gun or other weapon?

Private investigators are allowed to carry firearms under specific situations. Section 20 of the federal Firearms Act covers this in more detail, but broadly speaking there are 2 situations where it is allowed:

  • If the life of the private investigator is under threat
  • If the private investigator has additional duties such as transporting cash or other valuable items

Other prohibited weapons such as tear gas, mace, or tasers are not allowed to be carried by private investigators. Batons, handcuffs, and other restraints are not considered to be prohibited weapons and may be carried, however they must always be concealed from view.

Are private investigators required to be insured?

Private investigation agencies are required by law to carry general liability insurance. Ontario Solicitor General – Private Security and Investigative Services Branch, the law regulating the private investigation industry, mandates that the minimum general liability insurance requirement for private investigation agencies is $2,000,000.

Some private investigators also choose to carry out additional insurance, known as Errors and Omissions, or E&O, insurance. E&O insurance protects businesses if they are sued by a client who suffered financial losses or damages as a result of the investigator’s errors, omissions or negligent acts while conducting business.

How to choose a private investigator

Here are a few factors you should consider when choosing a private investigator:

1.  Is the investigator licensed?

Investigators must be licensed to provide private investigation services and you must insist on documentation that proves their legality.

Licenses are issued by the Ontario Solicitor General – Private Security and Investigative Services Branch, which is the Ministry responsible for overseeing the private investigation industry.  You’re able to verify someone’s licence status by checking the online Private Security and Investigative Services Licence Registry.

2.  Does the private investigation agency carry General Liability Insurance?

An agency or individual contractor must show proof that they have a minimum of $2,000,000 in general liability insurance coverage. Before hiring an agency, you can ask to see proof that the agency’s insurance policy has been maintained.

3.  Is the private investigator experienced in the type of investigation you need?

Investigators conduct a range of services, including:

  • background checks
  • employee fraud investigations
  • finding missing persons
  • child custody investigations
  • domestic dispute investigations

Ask the potential investigator questions like how many years of experience they have, whether they can provide you with references, what their services cost, and what their previous job was.

Discreet investigations has been in business for 30 years and are experienced with both criminal, civil, family, and child investigations. We have the most experienced investigators that come from police backgrounds, and work with the top criminal and family lawyers in Ontario. Discreet Investigations sets the bar for standards in the Private Investigations industry.

Criminals & civil laws vary from province to province, you should always check with your local authorities and courts regarding the current laws pertaining to these situations. Discreet Investigations is not liable for any advice or information provided on this website.


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